LogiMAT 2019: Linde Material Handling demonstrates how businesses
can boost their success using Industry 4.0 technologies
Flexible automation, digital applications, custom-fit drive systems – these are the topics Linde Material Handling is employing to make its customers’ in-house goods handling even more effective. Under the slogan “Moving the future together”, the intralogistics specialist will be presenting its latest products, solutions and services to trade visitors at its LogiMAT stand in Hall 10, B21. The exhibits on show there are all designed to achieve noticeable increases in efficiency. At the same time, Linde Material Handling is presenting itself as an intralogistics company with comprehensive project business, whose range of services extends all the way from planning through to the implementation of complete solutions for storage and transport systems. Additionally, these are linked these with intelligent warehouse management software so that all expansion stages from manually operated, semi-automated to fully automated systems are covered.
“Many companies are already on their way to further developing their intralogistics towards Industry 4.0 and are looking for suitable products and systems,” says Torsten Rochelmeyer, Head of Marketing Central Europe at Linde Material Handling. And these come primarily from the five major fields: automation, digitization, energy, safety and intralogistics. A large number of experts will be on hand at the exhibition stand to provide trade visitors with explanations regarding the growing portfolio of industrial trucks and warehouse equipment, safety features, apps and energy systems. “The possibilities for making in-house material flows more effective and efficient are many times greater today than they were just a few years ago,” emphasizes Rochelmeyer. “At the same time, it is essential to reduce complexity and make profitable use of the growing flood of data.” Digitization remains the major driver in intralogistics. It goes hand in hand with a fusion of vehicles – i.e. hardware – and digital solutions. This makes forklifts and warehouse equipment not only safer and more communicative, but also more economical and productive. One example in this regard is the “Zone Intelligence” assistance system. This new module of Linde’s “connect” fleet management system will make its debut at LogiMAT. It is based on ultra-wideband technology and ensures greater safety by eliminating potential hazards in warehouse and production areas by means of speed reductions.
The new Service Manager App is another example of how progressing digitization can be used to improve transparency and make processes more efficient. With this mobile application, fleet managers can enter service orders into the Linde service network around the clock via smartphone and are continuously informed about the current order status until completion. The demand for different forms of automation has grown strongly. Linde Material Handling has greatly expanded its portfolio on offer in order to develop tailor-made solutions together with its customers. It now ranges from flexible, automated warehouse equipment to fully automated systems and software solutions to comprehensive consulting and project expertise. Anyone wanting to can start the virtual planning of their new warehouse directly on the trade fair stand.
Linde Material Handling is giving significant importance to the topic of energy, the focus being on lithium-ion battery technology. Incoming orders here have risen significantly in 2018. Now that the range of lithium-ion models in the load range up to eight tons is complete, developments in 2019 will concentrate on digital consulting tools as well as battery designs and charging technology. Simultaneously, Linde Material Handling is pushing ahead with the development of future-oriented fuel cell technology for industrial trucks. The range of corresponding models is continuously being expanded and the company already offers one of the largest hydrogen-powered fleets in Europe. Another focus is on ensuring the highest possible level of operational safety. However, this cannot be achieved with just one single measure. Linde Material Handling offers a correspondingly wide range of solutions, all of which contribute to the company’s comprehensive safety concept “Vision Zero – Safety in your world”. A wide variety of assistance systems, lighting solutions, apps, access control, special models such as the vision-optimized Linde Roadster or the well-structured “Safety Scan” consultation are available: All of these contribute to avoiding risks for people, preventing damage to vehicles, equipment and goods and thus turning the vision of accident-free logistics into reality.
Linde Roadster wins German Design Award 2019
Attractive design meets extraordinary visibility: This double benefit offered by Linde Material Handling’s Roadster impressed the jury at the prestigious German Design Award. The international panel of experts selected the vision-optimized version of the successful electric counterbalance truck series, Linde E20-E35, as one of the 2019 winners in the Utility Vehicles category. Wanted: High-end products with outstanding design quality that are trailblazers in the design landscape. Found: The Roadster from Linde Material Handling!
The unique vehicle concept had already caused a minor revolution in forklift construction when it made its debut in 2016. Through special design modifications, the developers at Linde Material Handling had managed to completely eliminate the need for the usual A-pillar: The overhead tilt cylinders absorb the lifting forces and direct them backwards via the overhead guard frame. Thanks to this creative solution, Linde Roadster drivers enjoy an almost unlimited all-round view, which makes their work not only much easier but also significantly safer. This is exactly how the jury of the German Design Awards justified the award and named the truck, which is unique in the industry, a “Winner” in the Utility Vehicles category. Prior to this, international design experts from business, science and the design industry had scrutinized around 5,400 submissions. The German Design Award has been presented annually by the German Design Council since 2012 and is one of the most recognized design competitions worldwide.
“We are delighted to receive this special award. It shows that it is absolutely worthwhile to keep on challenging what already exists and – in the interests of our customers – tread new paths that provide clear added value in material handling,” emphasizes Christophe Lautray, Chief Sales Officer, Linde Material Handling. For the Linde Roadster, this is its second top-class award this year: Back in January, this special model variant won the renowned French industrial design award “Observeur du design 2018” offered by APCI (Agence pour la promotion de la création industrielle).
Energy roadshow Linde 2018
The concept developed by the German manufacturer Linde Material Handling has provided access to the latest technology in the field of electric forklifts trucks.
After stops in Russia, Slovenia, Slovakia, the roadshow arrived in Romania on October 16, 2018 at Elmas, Ploiesti. Event attendees have received complete information about Linde solutions that use Li-ION technology and hydrogen fuel cells.
Demonstrations have been made with the new Linde Roadster Li-ION (the perfect truck) that brings more innovations in the field: a new cabin design without an A-pillar, LED stripes, the Linde Safety Pilot active, the Linde TruckSpot warning system, CS20 tires, a reinforced glass roof and a lithium-ion battery. Among the equipment displayed was also the Linde L14 electric pallet truck powered by hydrogen fuel cells.
World of Material Handling 2018 - “Simplexity. The Art of Smart Solutions.”
Around 170 vehicles in four large live installations, product shows, and huge test arenas, over 250 employees offering their combined expertise on stage and behind the scenes, an expected attendance of over 5,000 visitors, an area of over 13,000 square meters, and almost two dozen exhibitors—just a few figures that characterize World of Material Handling (WoMH) 2018.
The event area was impressive even from the outside: Visitors enter World of Material Handling through a vast modern tent construction and feel right at home straightaway. The world of intralogistics opens up behind the entrance, based around four huge live demonstration areas and equipped with everything you could possibly want, from lorries to shipping containers to packaging robots and various (high) shelving systems. Guests are plunged directly into everyday life in logistics operations, experiencing first hand the innovative solutions, products, and software tools that they can use to optimize their own goods handling processes and make them fit for the future.
The first main subject area “Loading and Unloading” involves the demonstration of typical set-ups for incoming goods and dispatch: Lorry unloading and deliveries down to the last mile, loading an overseas container, goods transportation from the platform to the bulk storage area. The focus is on a whole range of innovations: narrow pallet trucks and double-deck loaders, a versatile electrical tiller tow tractor for loads of up to 1.3 tonnes, the LED Stripes solution, the optical warning equipment TruckSpot, and the Truck Call app that can be used to issue transport jobs via mobile device.
The second main subject area—“Warehouse”—is all about the handling and storage of goods at different heights on high shelving. A Linde combi-truck moves along a towering narrow-aisle shelving unit. It is equipped with the innovative Active Stability Control assistance system, which compensates for uneven surfaces in milliseconds. In another area, tour guides show visitors how the safety guard functions: Anyone wearing a receiver and the driver of the truck receive a visual and acoustic warning before the approaching reach truck can even be seen. Another warehouse sequence looks at the fast storage and retrieval of goods. This includes the presentation of the new driver-seated pallet truck with lifting heights of up to 6.2 meters, equipped with a lithium-ion battery and the Linde Load Management assistance system. The latter prevents the operator from lifting anything heavier than the maximum permissible load, which could otherwise cause damage or injury. The automated Linde-MATIC trucks demonstrate that all major material flow processes can now be organized in the warehouse with autonomous equipment.
The third main subject area is particularly important, as it is where Linde and its premium partner Dematic have come together to show off the complete range of possible picking solutions: from fully- or semi-automated systems to special solutions for manual picking. Robots control part of the area. People are not allowed in. This is the territory of the AutoStore solution from Dematic—an ultra-compact warehouse and automated goods-to-person picking system—and the Linde robotics autonomous industrial trucks. The Dematic PutWall system is installed nearby. In order to process orders quicker, goods are scanned on one side of the wall and assigned to a compartment via light control; order picking, packaging, and automated reordering are carried out on the other side. The semi-automated low-lift N20 OptiPick order picker is set up in front of another shelving system. Using a wristband, the operator gives driving commands to the device, which carries them out autonomously and therefore saves the employee from unnecessary travel between the truck and the shelf.
Visitors could experience a complete production environment with corresponding trucks and machines in the fourth main subject area “Production and Transport”. The new autonomous C-MATIC guided cart, the P-MATIC tow tractor, a fully-automated packaging machine, a single-arm articulated robot, and an automated small-load transport system will be on display. There was further innovations in manual equipment: The double-stack order picker, the E10 electric forklift truck, and the Trolly Supply Truck
World of Material Handling (WoMH)
The 3rd World of Material Handling (WoMH) was taking place from June 4 to 15, 2018 at the Maimarkt site in Mannheim under the motto “Simplexity. The Art of Smart Solutions.”. Visitors from over 50 countries will have the opportunity to find out in depth about various market trends, technological innovations, and holistic solutions for the intralogistics sector as well as being able to exchange information, ideas, and opinions with experts. The 13,000 square meter venue offers room for live installations of intralogistics processes, product presentations, and tests, as well as plenary events, workshops, and personal exchanges. Exhibitors included Linde Material Handling, Dematic, and many other international intralogistics providers.
For more information on WoMH 2018, go to www.worldofmaterialhandling.com
Remanufacturing of LINDE Forklift Trucks by the UPCYCLING Method
Elmas Company, Linde Material Handling dealer in Romania, offers products resulting from an upcycling made in Brasov. The aim of the UPCYCLING process is to reduce recyclable waste and to reuse the potentially useful materials, through their reuse.
The upcycling process involves the remanufacturing of the forklifts through the reuse of viable and unspoiled components and resulted from dismantling, their rehabilitation and reuse for reassembling diesel or LINDE electric forklift trucks. This remanufacturing process applies only to forklift trucks that are in an advanced stage of degradation, with a destination for recycling, being unsalable, with an expired lifespan, regardless of them coming back from clients, redeemed or being bought back items. Compared to a reconditioning, remanufacturing means a full dismantling of the machine, checking and replacing of worn components and subassemblies, to the last screw. All large metal parts (counterweight, cabin frame, etc.) are blasted, checked, if necessary replaced and repainted, returning to the assembly line where a new engine is fitted, if needed and all other components. The parts that no longer correspond or are unsafe for the operation are replaced with brand new genuine LINDE parts.
In the fall of 2016, the new upcycling workshop for Linde forklift trucks began to operate. The first electric forklifts with a rated load of 1.8 tons were remanufactured, being followed by forklifts that will be introduced in this process. The electric forklifts were originally manufactured in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2012, having many hours of operation carried out in particularly harsh working conditions. However, after remanufacturing, forklifts have a very neat appearance, the equipment being offered with a warranty for 2 years / 2000 operating hours and a lifespan of 10 years, during which we provide service and spare parts. The equipment is delivered with a new documentation according to 2006/42/EC, a new identification plate and "0" hours indicatory on board for operation. The resulting product from the upcycling process is for sale or lease.
Elmas Company is a Linde Material Handling certified dealer since 1996 and it has grown to offer a complete package of products and premium services, dedicated to satisfy the market requirements, through the departments of professionals from the sales, rentals and service sectors. The forklift upcycling line, with a total area of 1080 square meters, was commissioned at mid 2016, following an investment of 700,000 Euros. This process of upcycling gets to a saving of resources and raw materials, having a positive impact on the environment. By opening up the new line for forklift upcycling Elmas expands its product range in the field of material handling, providing access to quality equipment and services.
Linde Material Handling launches new stand-on trucks
Pallet trucks with stand-on platform and driver's seat trucks, also referred to as "riders" by industry insiders, are indispensable aids in in-house transports, manoeuvring jobs or the loading and unloading of lorries.
Now LMH has launched a multi-stage product offensive for these vehicles.
This opens up an even wider range of possible applications and higher productivity for operators.
Furthermore, the product range is supplemented by additional model variants. The Linde T14 S, T20 S/SF and T25 S/SF stand-on pallet trucks in the load range from 1.4 to 2.5 tonnes, and the Linde D12 S and D12 SF stand-on double stackers with 1.2-tonne load capacity and 2,124 millimetres lift height are the first models to be converted to the new standard.
More truck series will follow in the next few months.
The range of stand-on pallet trucks has been extended by an entry-level model with 1.4-tonne load capacity and a larger one with 2.5-tonne capacity to complement the existing 2-tonne model.
With the exception of the entry model, Linde T14 S, the pallet trucks as well as the double stacker are offered with a choice of two different driving concepts. In the S version, the driver is positioned at a 90° angle to the roadway, which ensures good views in both driving directions and of the surroundings.
At the same time, the raised, padded backrest provides comfortable support. With the SF version, the driver stands frontally to the direction of travel and has a particularly good view of the load in front of him. This variant is recommended when there is a disproportionate amount of lorry loading work.
In both cases, the vehicle design ensures the greatest possible safety, since the operator is positioned within the vehicle contours so that body and hands are well protected.
Customers can now choose the most suitable truck for their application from a range of seven models instead of the former three.
Another new feature is that all vehicles have a width of 770 millimetres, which means they are 20 millimetres narrower than predecessor versions.
Thanks to their more compact design, they are even easier to manoeuver on lorry loading surfaces or in block-type warehouses.
Fully suspended operator compartment
A special ergonomic advantage of all models is the driver compartment, which is spring-mounted and completely de-coupled from the chassis - a unique feature that significantly reduces the oscillations and vibrations acting on the driver, and even largely compensates for impacts resulting from uneven floors.
Together with the padded backrest, this highly comfortable workstation provides effective protection against musculoskeletal disorders.
The S version, in which the driver stands transversely to the roadway, additionally features the innovative "Tip Control" operating concept.
A height-adjustable hand platform which offers the operator a stable standing position, is fitted with rocker switches by means of which the travel and lifting functions can be controlled with short movements of the thumb and index finger.
These switches are designed so that they can be reliably operated even with gloves.
Users can flexibly arrange the control elements: Depending on preference, the steering wheel can be positioned on the right and the Tip Control lever on the left - or vice versa, the steering wheel on the left and the Tip Control on the right.
A large colour display indicates all relevant operating data.
Productivity is another asset of the new truck generation.
Equipped with a 3 kW three-phase AC motor, the 1.4-tonne model accelerates to 8 or 10 km/h with/without load, and the 2.0 and 2.5-tonne models to 10 or 12 km/h with/without load.
And they manage gradients of up to 15 percent even when loaded.
This makes the trucks ideally suited to intensive lorry loading applications and transporting goods over longer distances.
The driving speed is automatically reduced in relation to the steering angle - dependent protects the operator from driving errors.
In addition to the default drive settings, the Eco mode is provided as standard as a second performance option.
Depending on the application, it allows energy savings of up to 12 percent to be achieved whenever handling capacity is not a priority.
Wide variety of optional equipment and accessories
With an extensive range of optional features, the trucks can be further adapted to ideally suit individual customer requirements.
These include, for example, cold store protection, Linde's fleet management solution "connect:" with access control, shock detection and utilisation analysis, as well as further safety features such as a speed reduction with forks lowered, as well as mast protection and flashing beacons.
Linde Material Handling uses lithium-ion technology in new double
stacker and pallet truck with ergonomic lift
For all operators who use pallet trucks and double stackers in at least two-shift operation and keep replacement batteries in stock, Linde Material Handling recommends checking whether the use of lithium-ion batteries could be worthwhile. The time is favourable right now because Linde has just expanded its product range with two new warehouse trucks that are equipped with this forward-looking battery technology: the Linde T16L ION pallet truck with ergonomic hub and the Linde D08 ION double stacker. Both these warehouse trucks feature a mast. “A major advantage of lithium-ion battery technology is that interim charging is possible at any time and is in fact even expressly desirable as it extends the vehicle uptime,” explains Christophe Chavigneau, Head of Product Marketing Warehouse Range at Linde. “Whenever it is foreseeable that the truck will be idle for more than a few minutes, the user can drive up to the charger and connect it up.” The optionally available, side-mounted battery connector makes interim charging for the T16L ION pallet truck even easier and more convenient. Four 24-volt batteries of different sizes are available for the pallet trucks. Capacities range from 1.8 kWh to 3.6 kWh and from 4.5 kWh to 9.0 kWh. The double stacker can be equipped with the two smaller batteries. Selection of the battery size should be based on how much power is required for the application in question and whether interim charging is possible.
A major field of application for both the pallet truck with ergonomic lift and the double stacker is in shipping where they provide valuable help in the loading and unloading of trucks via loading ramps. However, due to their compact dimensions, they are also popular aids when it comes to order picking in confined spaces. The pallet truck’s ergonomic lift function raises the load arms up to 675 millimetres including the initial lift to make it easier for the operator to pick up and position crates, parcels and other types of load carriers. This means that the operator can work with a back-friendly posture. An optional solution, which has been available for standard trucks since the beginning of 2016, provides for even more comfort and additional time savings: the automatic lifting and lowering function. Here, two light sensors attached to the mast detect whether there are still goods on the pallet at a specific height, or if the warehouse worker has just removed the last package and would now have to bend further down to pick up the remaining goods. If no goods can be detected, the lift mast automatically moves upwards by up to 550 millimetres, so that the next layer of packages can be picked up and stored in a back-friendly and ergonomic way. In the coming months, Linde will also be adding pallet stackers to its lithium-ion product family.
Linde electric counterbalanced trucks in the load range
from 1.4 to 1.8 tonnes with lithium-ion battery
For each of the five truck models in the load range from 1.4 to 1.8 tonnes, there are two battery capacity choices, one with smaller and one with larger capacity. If interim charging is easily possible during operations, the smaller battery usually suffices, according to Daniel Butte, Head of Product Management Forklift Trucks at Linde. In the case of the Linde E14 and E16 C (compact), it has a capacity of 13.1 kWh, while the battery for the larger three-wheel models, Linde E16 and E18, and the four-wheel model, E16 P, comes with a greater capacity of 16.3 kWh. However, it is advisable to use the more powerful batteries with a capacity of 39.2 kWh and 45.7 kWh respectively if the operating conditions demand above-average performance from the trucks or if there is a need for vehicle availability over two shifts. Two charging devices of different capacities are also on offer, which form a closed system together with the batteries.
System matched to forklift operation
However, horses for courses as the saying goes. All forklifts are not all the same and starting immediately, this also goes for the battery technology used. Customers who buy a Linde E14 to E18 ION, will receive a CE-certified complete system consisting of the truck and the battery, which is exactly matched to the application requirements, and together with the charger supplied by Linde, the advantages of the new battery technology can be fully exploited. 2,500 full charging cycles with a subsequent remaining capacity of the battery of at least 80 percent are guaranteed. Another characteristic is the simple handling: All it takes is for the driver to open the flap at the rear and connect the charger and socket – done! The battery management system takes over the function of a control centre and thus has an important role in the trucks’ high safety level. It monitors all battery-relevant parameters, informs the operator about possible, battery-damaging behaviour and ensures that the vehicle is placed in a controlled state in the event of a technical defect. A battery compartment of 25 mm thick steel protects the battery cells against damage from the outside.
Extensive tests confirm robustness and safety
As usual, the trucks were also put through their paces in a roundabout-test – and there was a debut: “For the first time ever, we tested the functionality and stability of the complete system – electric truck including battery,” says Butte. The test result was extremely satisfactory: “With lithium-ion electric trucks it’s no longer necessary to use external power supply to carry out this test. Unlike with trucks fitted with lead-acid batteries, where this is not possible to date, since the constant vibrations would damage the battery,” says Butte. Furthermore, the truck with li-ion battery mastered the crash test, in which a fully loaded 8-tonne forklift driving at top speed crashed into the side of a 3-tonne electric forklift. The fork did not penetrate the rugged Linde lithium-ion battery compartment. Following the successful trials on Linde’s own test ground, the trucks were sent off to field tests at customers in a wide range of industries. “All the customers enthused over the benefits of the new battery technology and were completely satisfied,” Butte sums up the initial feedback from the market. “Consistent performance during operations, time gained through interim charging, the elimination of a replacement battery, and obsolete battery maintenance were among the most frequently cited advantages.”
20 years of partnership Elmas - Linde Material Handling, in Romania
The event took place on June 16, 2016 at the Elmas headquarters and it marked the celebration of 20 years of successful partnership with the german renowned Linde Material Handling. After signing the agreement, as authorized Linde dealer in 1996, Elmas has continuously developed Linde forklifts business line and has grown to offer over the departments of professionals from the sectors of sales, rentals and service, a complete package of premium services and dedicated to the needs of the market. During the event was inaugurated in Brasov an own line of forklift trucks upcycling, with an investment of 700,000 euro, and being created 10 new jobs.
The innovative concept of upcycling is introduced for the first time in the industrial market in Romania, and is based on reintroduction into the economic circuit following refurbishment, recycling, testing and technical verifications of equipment considered waste, which leads to getting a reliable and performant product, as like a new one. This process of upcycling lead to a saving of resources and raw materials having a positive impact on the environment.
By opening new lines of upcycling, Elmas expands its product range in the field of material handling, providing access to quality equipment and services. Elmas company consisting of four business lines (forklifts trucks, industrial cranes, elevators and forestry machines) is composed of 320 employees and was founded in 1990, with 100% Romanian capital. Company`s main activity is the manufacture of lifting and handling equipment. The company`s headquarter is in Brasov, the production facilities, storage, repair, laboratory and the administrative premises stretching over 70,000 square meters. An important range of marketed products are available online on our own ecommerce platform - 1234.ro.
Diesel and LPG forklifts Linde H50-H80 complete EVO series
Saving fuel hand in hand with high performance
With twelve new diesel and LPG trucks in the 5 to 8-tonne load capacity range, Linde Material Handling has raised the remaining vehicles of its 39X series to the advanced EVO standard. The customers, who mainly come from the beverage, construction materials and paper industry as well as from the foundry sector, can now benefit from up to 20 percent fuel savings compared to the previous version. In addition, numerous new technical features make the compact, yet powerful trucks Linde H50 to H80/1100 EVO even more efficient and safer to use. Moreover, the forklifts are cleaner than ever thanks to extensive exhaust aftertreatment.
State-of-the-art engine technology and the change to electronic drivetrain control ensure a high level of fuel efficiency. Along with the large ratio range of the variable displacement pump and motors of the hydrostatic Linde drive, optimised engine characteristics and high performance can be achieved at low speeds. Further saving potential arises from a choice between three different drive modes – Economy, Efficiency and Performance. These can be preselected so that vehicle performance matches individual customer requirements. Even more finely tuned hydrostatics and configurable driving dynamics manifest themselves to the operators by bringing about up to 20 percent reduction in fuel consumption.
Transport of wide and swaying loads
Linde has retained a particularly proven design feature, which at the moment is only being used in this series: the torsion support and the associated torsion rack. The latter is attached above the overhead guard on the mast in addition to the overhead tilt cylinders and is fed between the torsion supports on rollers. Thanks to the firm connection between the mast and overhead guard, the torsional forces acting on the mast are reduced by up to 30 percent. Stability increases – especially when lifting wide or swaying loads, or goods with a high load centre, thus allowing faster handling. At the same time, the torsion rack takes over the function of an overhead guard, moving along when the driver tilts the mast forwards or backwards. This special design forms the basis for high residual capacities and therefore additional safety, e.g. when it comes to moving heavy paper rolls, laminated timber or block clamps. All the 8-tonne vehicles retain their full rated load capacity up to a height of 6.5 metres.
Further safety and comfort measures
The diesel and LPG forklifts of type Linde H50-H80/1100 EVO are equipped with the Linde Engine Protection System (LEPS) and the Linde Curve Assist as standard. Both features ensure greater operational safety, whilst increasing the availability and economic efficiency of the trucks at the same time. The LEPS monitors important engine parameters such as the oil level, oil pressure, cooling water level and temperature and it indicates any necessary maintenance to the driver on the display. Designed as a multi-stage warning and protection system, it will even revert to creeping mode, if necessary. The Linde Curve Assist reduces driving speed during cornering proportionally to the steering angle, thus ensuring operational safety. Linde is the only manufacturer worldwide to provide this function as standard, without any additional cost.
The driver’s workstation is designed to provide a relaxed seating position. Decoupled from the drive and steering axle via rubber-metal bearings, it absorbs a high level of vibrations and shocks and protects the driver from hazardous whole-body vibration. Thus the decoupled workstation makes a valuable contribution to the observance of human vibration limits according to EU Directive 2002/44/EC. This requires operators to measure and assess actual vibrations and to take appropriate action if limits are exceeded.
Clean AdBlue® technology
Just as in its new heavy diesel forklift trucks HT100Ds to HT180Ds, Linde employs the latest emission reduction technologies for its new H50-H80 EVO series too. The diesel engine from Deutz has in-engine features such as exhaust gas recirculation and additional aftertreatment with AdBlue® technology in order to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx). This means it meets EU Emission Directive 2004/26/EC Level 4 in the performance range from 56 to 130 kW, which requires an 88-percent reduction in the allowable nitrogen emissions. However, not only does Linde meet these stringent limits, it goes above and beyond. The turbocharged 85-kW common-rail diesel engine with particulate filter and SCR catalyst using AdBlue® additive ensures that carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbon and particle emissions even remain on average 64 percent below the specified EU limits.
In exhaust aftertreatment, the emissions go through a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) after having passed the diesel particulate filter. The AdBlue® solution leads to a redox reaction of nitrogen and ammonia, in which a large part of the nitrogen is converted to water. Another, especially low-noise clean-up catalyst then removes the smell of ammonia. In commercial vehicles AdBlue® technology has been used for several years. Linde has now transferred this clean technology to its new EVO forklifts Linde H50 to H80. The customer benefits: Fuel savings and environmental protection hand in hand.
Linde Material Handling extends its range of robotic industrial trucks
Additional autonomous models for the warehouse
Linde Material Handling was launching two new models from its innovative Linde-MATIC robotic truck series in time for the LogiMAT trade fair. The Linde T-MATIC pallet truck and the Linde L-MATIC AC counterbalance pallet stacker will complement the current range on offer. Linde’s goal for the medium term is to offer one robotic version for each of its major product series, in cooperation with French robotic specialist Balyo. Further models are to be presented as early as next May at the manufacturer’s World of Material Handling (WoMH) customer event which lasts for two and a half weeks.
Tomorrow’s intralogistics will be digitally networked and increasingly automated. With the MATIC series, one year ago Linde introduced its first warehouse trucks that are able to navigate autonomously in the warehouse without additional infrastructure. The trucks can react to obstacles in real time, are scalable and flexibly adjustable to new warehouse layouts. Routes and driveways in the mapped area can be learnt quickly and easily. The trucks perform their tasks independently of working hours and provide maximum traffic safety. In combination with wireless LAN modules (so-called COMBOXes), the vehicles’ supervision software ensures the connection with roller shutters, belt conveyors and pallet stretch wrapping machines, receives orders from corporate ERP or Warehouse Management Systems (WMS) and translates them into transport orders.
Linde’s robotic trucks offer logistics managers the possibility to network their internal material flow gradually, step by step: Where operating conditions are simple, the trucks can work on a stand-alone basis, without connection. In this case, transport orders are triggered directly via the truck’s touch screen or are programmed in the truck’s computer. In a next stage, the robotic vehicles communicate via the Supervisor software and interfaces with individual machines and installations, for example a bar code scanner or a presence sensor at the end of a roller conveyor. The robotic pallet stacker will then drive there, pick up the pallet and transport it to the requested destination, for example, the material buffer of a production plant. In stage three, the supervision software of the Linde-MATIC trucks can exchange data with the corporate WMS or the ERP system. The computing unit manages incoming orders, assigns route-optimised transport jobs, receives feedback from the trucks and manages the traffic, thus adding swarm intelligence to the fleet.
New trucks extend range of Linde Robotics
In spring 2015, Linde presented its first robotic trucks: the Linde L-MATIC pallet stacker and the Linde P-MATIC tractor. The pallet truck Linde T-MATIC following now features long forks for transporting two pallets at a time. To this end, the robotic truck has a lifting capacity of three tonnes. By comparison, the Linde L-MATIC AC counterbalance pallet stacker facilitates the transport of closed load carriers and is predestined for picking up loads at P&D stations that are not accessible from underneath by the load arms (e.g. roller channels). It can accommodate loads of up to 1.2 tonnes. The four currently available robotic models, which are all based on the respective Linde standard trucks, can cover a wide range of tasks in the warehouse.
Users in a wide range of industries
To date, the robotic trucks are mainly used in the transport of pallets and trailers. The distances covered can extend to up to several hundred meters. Usually the goods are moved between warehouse and the manufacturing area in order to ensure production supply and removal. The vehicles are also used to bring goods to an intermediate or bulk storage section after unloading from the lorry, or to consolidate different products prior to loading the lorry. Initial customers for Linde robotics trucks come from the automobile industry and automotive suppliers, chemical and pharmaceutical industries, mechanical engineering, food sectors as well as some of top 3PL (third-party logistics).The number of industrial trucks in a plant or warehouse ranges from just a few to fleets of 20 to 30 vehicles. Automated Robotic trucks are usually in use together with manually-operated industrial trucks, forming mixed fleets, and they interact with each other, for example, in the hand-over of load carriers.
Increased safety with Linde SpeedAssist driver assistance system
Radar sensors set the pace
The transition space between the indoor and outdoor areas of logistics centres and production halls is usually a safety-critical zone. Outdoors forklift drivers quickly accelerate their vehicles to top speed. Upon returning, they should reduce their speed in good time to bring their cargo safely to its destination and to protect all employees in the work environment. The “Linde SpeedAssist” supports both the drivers and the warehouse and logistics managers in charge of this task. Featuring weather-independent radar technology, stepwise adjustable response times and adjustable sensor sensitivity, the retrofit solution from Linde Material Handling (MH) sets a new standard and noticeably increases the safety in intralogistics.
The efficiency of logistic processes depends on the reliability with which these processes can be implemented and repeated. Especially inside warehouse and production halls, this also requires clear speed limits for forklifts and other industrial trucks. Entering the indoor area too fast can endanger employees and require sudden braking manoeuvers that can damage the load and thus result in economic losses. The ideal driving speed in the hall always depends on the respective conditions on site and is usually determined by the warehouse or logistics manager, who is also responsible for ensuring that the speed limits are adhered to.
Sensor range of up to 24 meters
The new driver assistance system, Linde SpeedAssist, offers a number of benefits in order to ensure fast, easy and practical speed control. Unlike other solutions on the market, the system does not rely on weather-prone and relatively expensive infrared technology, but on radar sensors that cover a range between 1 and 24 m. The use of radar technology does not require any additional investments, such as additional sensors on the racks, for example. This is due to the fact that the radar sensor is mounted on the overhead guard and is both the transmitter and the receiver of its own signal, which is reflected from the ceiling. This tells the truck whether it is inside a building or outdoors and adjusts its speed accordingly. Operational reliability is not affected even by extreme weather conditions such as cold, heat or heavy rain. The permissible operating temperatures range between -40 and + 65 °C.
Flexible response time and smart sensors
The response time of the Linde SpeedAssist sensors is adjustable and can be set to four different levels, which means it can be easily adapted to the respective conditions on site. Moreover, the adjustable sensitivity of the sensors is another feature that makes retrofitted forklift trucks safer to use. Unwanted signals can be blocked upon request. Because of the individualised settings, the system detects both smaller objects and superstructures such as pipelines, porch roofs or treetops without reducing the desired speed right away. So operators can work with high speed and maximum efficiency in outdoor environments.
Retrofit solution for purchase and rental trucks
The Linde SpeedAssist is a useful solution for retrofitting in existing fleets and upon request can be integrated in new trucks from the outset. Due to the low number of components and the simple installation and removal of the solution, the driver assistance system is also a viable safety option for rental vehicles. It is basically composed of three elements: the sensor, a set of cables with relay and the installation kit including a retaining device. Retrofit by a Linde service technician takes only a very short time. The manufacturer offers three different sensor variants in order to ensure compliance with the specific telecommunications guidelines in the target markets of Europe, USA, Canada, Brazil, China, Australia and New Zealand.
Linde Material Handling expands its range of tractors
with a two-tonne towing capacity version
Compact tow tractor supports lean production
Lean production is becoming the standard in more and more industrial sectors. Small and medium-sized businesses are following the examples of major automobile manufacturers and machine builders, and they are also adopting their logistical strategies of implementing lean manufacturing practices. Linde Material Handling (MH) now offers its compact Linde P20 tow tractor to ensure efficient production supplies. The new tractor has a towing capacity of two tonnes and expands Linde’s existing range of tractors, which previously covered a load range of between three and 25 tonnes. It is suitable, inter alia, for use in confined spaces.
Electric tow tractors have become increasingly important during the past ten years. The market recorded an average annual growth rate of around seven percent within this period. At the same time ever new fields of applications have been emerging. The new tractor takes account of these developments and has been designed as a solution specifically for loads of up to two tonnes. This means it can be used as a tow truck to transport up to five small load carriers (KLT). Such tow trucks are deployed in the automotive industry and many other production environments. Optionally the tractor is also available as a platform truck with a load capacity of 400 kilogrammes, bearing the designation Linde W04.
Efficient and agile
Having a width of 600 millimetres, the new tractor from Linde MH is extremely compact and thus also offers a particularly tight turning radius. This means it is very flexible to use and can be reliably manoeuvred even in tight spaces. At the same time, the operator remains within the truck contours in every driving situation. Support wheels provide high stability during cornering. In order to adapt the tractor to the specific application requirements, the ground clearance can be increased from 40 to 80 millimetres. This means that the electric tow tractor is also suitable for outdoor use. A maintenance-free 1.5 kW drive motor and simple battery replacement ensure efficient operation. Battery replacement can be carried out both laterally and vertically.
Driving comfort and safety
The steering unit and backrest of the Linde P20 tractor can be individually adjusted to the respective operator. The ergonomic shape of the steering protects the operator’s hands and helps ensure that he remains safe within the confines of the chassis throughout the driving time. The backrest provides lateral support, which facilitates cornering and reduces the physical stress acting on the operator. A folding, height-adjustable seat is also part of the basic equipment and provides enhanced driving comfort during longer rides. The low boarding height of just 119 millimetres means that operators can comfortably get on and off the tractor.
Versatile special equipment
Various optional comfort and safety features are available to meet the wide range of different application requirements. These include, for example, a knee guard device in the tractor interior that protects the operator during heavy braking. In addition, various trailer couplings are available so that the tractor can tow different types of load carriers. LED position lights at the tractor front and rear form part of the standard lighting system. These can be supplemented with work lights upon request.
Lean production and other uses
Due to its compact design and up to two tonnes towing capacity, the Linde P20 tractor is suitable not only for the logistical requirements of a lean production. There are numerous other conceivable fields of application, such as the handling of luggage carts at airports, in hospitals or wholesale flower markets, for example.
Elevating cabin latest addition to Linde Material Handling’s
range of safety products
Excellent visibility even with bulky loads
The larger and bulkier the loads that have to be moved, the higher are the demands on forklift truck drivers. If the view in the direction of travel is obstructed, then they have to drive in reverse. This leads to the adoption of a posture that is neither healthy nor conducive to productive work. Linde Material Handling (MH) has now added an ergonomic solution to its range of products: The industrial truck manufacturer offers an optional elevating cabin, designed for heavy forklift trucks in the load capacity range from ten to 18 tonnes. At the push of a button, this cabin can be raised steplessly to a maximum height of 5.5 meters in less than ten seconds. In this high position the driver has an unobstructed view of the load and can drive forwards as usual. The elevating cabin is especially beneficial when it comes to the stacking as well as the storage and retrieval of heavy goods, or when placing them into small loading docks, such as aircraft side loading doors.
The German accident prevention instructions (BGV D27) for industrial trucks stipulate that “the driver should reverse if, by way of exception, a front forklift truck is used to take and move a large load that blocks the view of the drive lane. Since the load cannot be kept in sight when driving backwards, the driver should refrain from reversing when loads protrude laterally beyond the forklift truck. Frequent reversing should be avoided, since the torsion effect will excessively burden the driver’s spine– especially in conjunction with vibrations.”
With the new elevating cabin, drivers can avoid reversing if the view in the direction of travel is obstructed and will not be tempted to illicitly move forks and load above eye level in order to see their way underneath it and drive forwards. The elevating cabin means they can work more ergonomically and efficiently, as driving forwards is much safer and faster, particularly over longer distances. Moreover, the risk of collision damage caused by loads protruding laterally beyond the truck is minimized.
The elevating cabin can be operated via a separate joystick or via four preset position buttons that can be individually programmed to a specific height. The cabin elevates at 0.24 m/s and can thus reach its maximum height of 5.5 metres in less than ten seconds. This position is ideal for allowing a full range of vision even when transporting long, bulky and heavy goods. Automatic speed limiting, corresponding to the cabin height, ensures safe operation. The maximum speed of travel can also be reduced via the default settings.
Numerous solutions for optimized visibility
Linde heavy trucks are also available with a rotating cabin as an alternative to the elevating cabin. Here the driver can rotate the entire cabin by 180 degrees, so that the load is behind him and he therefore has an unobstructed view of the drive direction. In addition he can select any intermediate angles and view areas. These rotatable driver workplaces have been developed for Linde electric forklifts in the load capacity range of 2.5 to 5 tonnes and combustion-engine Linde trucks in the load range from 2 to 8 tonnes. Depending on the model and design, the driver’s seat including steering column and pedals can be continuously rotated by up to 90 degrees to the side so that the driver is positioned sideways to the direction of travel. According to surveys by the German Employers’ Liability Insurance Association of Trade and Logistics (BGHW), this feature improves driver ergonomics by around 60 percent. At the same time, reversing is much safer and health protection and health care of the logistics staff are improved, so that ultimately a company’s operations are more sustainable.
Linde Material Handling records significant increase
in tailor-made solutions
Over the past 10 years, no other industrial truck segment has experienced growth comparable to that seen in Customised Options, known as CO for short. While less than 20 percent of all industrial trucks left Linde Material Handling’s (MH) production plants with technical modifications back in 2004, this proportion rose to approximately a third last year. With dedicated CO teams in the factories and adapted production processes, Linde MH is well prepared for the trend towards an increasing share of tailor-made solutions. “There has always been a certain share of customised versions, which is due to the fact that even with the large variety of products found in 85 Linde series and around 6,000 optional features, it is just not possible to meet all the specific individual requirements,” says Dr. Ralf Dingeldein, Vice President New Trucks at Linde MH. “What is new, however, is that customised vehicle solutions are being ordered more and more often to achieve further cost reductions through improved material flow.”
To be able to cope with the vast number of thousands of customised solu-tions annually, Linde MH has integrated the manufacture of these trucks into the series production process wherever possible. CO specialists ac-company the process from order processing, design, development and procurement all the way through to manufacture, assembly, documenta-tion and service, irrespective of the production plant in question. “Versatility, user friendliness, robustness and efficiency are the four major values of the Linde brand,” says Dingeldein. “And of course these apply to our customised solutions, too.” All the more so because many of the developed COs are of interest also to other customer groups and thus make their way into series production. One example is the compact counterbalance pallet stacker Linde L06 AC AP.
This self-supporting vehicle, which can lift loads of up to 600 kg and is equipped with a stand-on platform, was developed for one of the world's largest furniture company. In order to operate more sustainably and reduce costs at the same time, the home furnishing giant switched over to pallets made of corrugated cardboard that are ten centimetres lower than the previously used wooden pallets. Therefore it was no longer possible to use a standard pallet stacker. However, the counterbalance stacker Linde L06 AC AP offered the ideal solution. It combines the advantages of the counterbalance principle (cantilever forks) with very compact dimensions. With the ISO forks, it can lift any type of load carrier, including Euro pallets crossways, for example. And thanks to its shorter wheelbase and set back mast, this stacker with folding stand-on platform has a length of just over 2.4 meters. “With this new customised solution, we open up a broad spectrum of applications, far beyond this individual case,” says Tobias Zierhut, Head of Product Marketing at Linde Material Handling, fully convinced. “Possible fields of application are found, for example, in production and assembly, or in warehouses with narrow aisles.”
Linde Material Handling launches first “driven by Balyo”
robotic industrial trucks
New technological developments bring unmanned, robotic industrial trucks into focus as solutions for even more efficient in-house material flow. Sold under the umbrella of Linde Robotics and developed in cooperation with robotics specialist Balyo, the devices are easy to install and navigate relying on the warehouse structural elements. With the Linde L-MATIC L HP robotic stacker and the Linde P-MATIC robotic tractor, the first models have now been put on the market.
Together with Balyo, an innovation leader in the area of automation, Linde Material Handling aims to become a full-range provider of robotic industrial trucks. The vehicles “driven by Balyo” are recommended for a variety of applications in the warehouse and the transport sector and can be connected to warehouse management and ERP systems. This means the trucks are already well on their way towards Industry 4.0, a concept envisaging that in the future machines should largely organise themselves and communicate with each other.
Who can benefit from robotic trucks?
The implementation of robotic warehouse solutions is worth considering especially for operators whose load handling processes provide only low added value, are repetitive and involve longer distances. If, on top of that, the trucks will be used in two-shift operation or even more, then all essential conditions are met to benefit from the advantages of robotic logistics. These include, for example, a higher level of process transparency and the associated productivity gains. Another cost saving potential lies in optimization of operational resources.
Intelligent standard equipment
The Linde L-MATIC L HP robotic stacker has a load capacity of 1.2 tonnes and accelerates to 1.6 m/s maximum, both with and without load. The Linde P-MATIC robotic tractor has a towing capacity of 5 tonnes and reaches a maximum speed of 2 m/s. Both robotic models are based on the corresponding Linde standard device with powerful maintenance-free 3 kW AC drive motor, automatic brakes on slopes, lateral battery change and easy service access as well as numerous additional options such as the Linde Blue Spot. In addition, the Linde-MATIC versions feature a navigation laser, safety front and rear scanners, a 3D camera or a curtain laser, an embedded computer with seven-inch LCD screen, as well as visual and acoustic warning indicators, plus an emergency stop button at each side. These innovative features allow the robotic trucks to work in the same environment together with people and other vehicles. Obstacles are detected in real time and the robot behaviour is dynamically ad-justed. Compared to traditional automated guided vehicle systems (AGVs) or automated industrial trucks with laser reflectors, the robotic Linde trucks “driven by Balyo” travel without infrastructure. They rely on existing struc-tural features such as walls, racks, or columns. This solution is more eco-nomical, easier to install, and can easily accommodate changes in the environment. Moreover, the vehicles can be easily integrated into existing fleets or warehouse layouts and allow for gradual expansion. More robotic “driven by Balyo” models will be launched under the um-brella of “Linde Robotics” this year and next. Before long, pallet trucks, heavy stackers, counterbalanced stackers, reach trucks and narrow aisle trucks (VNA) are to be added to the stacker Linde L-MATIC L HP and tractor Linde P-MATIC. Robotic devices of the Linde-MATIC series are already successfully proving their worth in initial customer applications in the chemical and automotive industries.
Linde Material Handling emerges as winner
in the “Forklift Trucks and Warehouse Handling Equipment” category
Germany’s purchasing decision-makers for products in the warehousing and goods handling segment have chosen the best industrial trucks brands. Linde Material Handling, based in Aschaffenburg and a member of the KION Group, won the Image Award in the “Forklift Trucks and Warehouse Handling Equipment” category. The company made it to the top of the ranking, scoring 879 points out of a 1,000 maximum. On behalf of the Munich weekly trade magazine VerkehrsRundschau, the Kleffmann market research institute had surveyed 196 managers in the logistics sector as well as in industry and trade, on the awareness and reputation of the main suppliers of forklift trucks and warehouse handling equipment. The winning brands were honoured with the 2015 Image Award as part of the VerkehrsRundschau Gala in Munich on 5 February 2015.
Method applied in “Image Ranking Warehousing + Goods Handling 2015” survey
The central objective of the “Image Ranking Warehousing + Goods Handling 2015” is to derive a representative opinion regarding the reputation and awareness level of leading suppliers in the two categories “Forklift Trucks and Warehouse Handling Equipment” and “Loading Cranes”. To this end, a total of 196 randomly selected purchasing decision-makers dealing with industrial trucks and working for companies belonging to the sectors of commercial freight transport or industry and trade including transport for own account, were subjects of a telephone interview in Germany in the autumn of 2014.
Brands under review
Forklift trucks and warehouse handling equipment: Clark, Crown, Hyundai, Hyster, Jungheinrich, Linde Material Handling, Mitsubishi, Still, Toyota Material Handling, UniCarriers and Yale Material Handling.
New pallet stacker generation from Linde Material Handling
With its pallet stackers Linde L14 to L20 in the load range between 1.4 and 2.0 tonnes, industrial truck manufacturer Linde Material Handling is launching a new generation of flexible warehouse aids. Designed either as pedestrian models or models with a folding stand-on platform for lift heights of up to just over 5.30 meters, the new pallet stackers come, for example, with a standard weighing device, a battery cover for optimum view and a large number of mast variants, and they are optionally available with up to 33 percent higher lifting speed.
The pedestrian pallet stackers Linde L14 to L20 and the models with fold-ing, stand-on platform with full suspension and side guards, L14 AP to L20 AP, respectively, are equipped with a powerful, maintenance-free 2.3 kW AC motor, which accelerates the vehicles to a driving speed of up to 10 km/h. In order to protect the operator from cornering too fast, the Linde Curve Assist reduces the speed proportionally to the steering angle. Risky driving manoeuvres can thus be prevented and warehouse safety increased. The built-in weighing device, which is active up to 1.50 m lift height, serves the same purpose. It measures the load with an accuracy of +/- 50 kg; the value is shown on the display.
Good view, durable materials, many variants
The better the view of the pallet and load, the more confidently and safely drivers can manoeuvre the pallet stacker in narrow aisles or on narrow paths. With a battery cover that is bevelled to the front, Linde takes account of the request of many operators for even better visibility. With lowered forks, the driver can see the fork tips and steer the vehicle safely around corners and obstructions. “Soft Landing” is another standard protective function. This prevents the jerky depositing of load and resultant damage by automatically reducing the lifting speed before reaching the rack or ground so that the load is placed gently. Pallet stackers are considered to be all-rounders in the warehouse. To meet the diverse application requirements, customers have a choice between 26 standard, duplex and triplex masts. Optionally available for applications with high lift requirements is the “Lift Speed Booster” with which the lifting speed of 0.3 m/s 2 without load can be increased by another 33 percent. If ramps and loading bridges form part of the usual environment, the pallet stacker can be equipped with initial lift.
Ergonomic driving, reliable braking
Together with the tiller head and folding side guards, the full-suspension stand-on platform of the AP version forms a solid unit that is decoupled from the chassis via rubber-metal bearing supports. This solution, which is unique on the market, provides special driving comfort and effectively protects the driver against human vibrations. With a value of 0.68 m/s2, these remain well below the strict standard for the first time. As a result, the driver can concentrate fully on his work for a longer time, and is protected against musculoskeletal disorders in the long term. In order to protect the driver from leg and trunk injuries, there should be a sufficient distance between the user and the vehicle at all times. In case of the Linde pallet stackers, this is ensured by the “Safety Speed” function: The driving speed of the stacker is reduced at small tilt angles of the tiller. The vehicle stops when the tiller moves into its upper or lower end position. The same applies when the driver releases the throttle or changes the direction of motion. In such cases, as well as when driving up a slope, the vehicle brakes automatically and rolling backwards is prevented. Important information such as load weight, fault codes, operating hours or service intervals, is displayed to the driver on the new, large coloured display. When using the on-board charger, real-time information on the charging process is shown in addition. There are two different options when it comes to battery replacement. In addition to the standard vertical change, the stackers are also available with optional lateral battery change. In this case they feature a roller channel inside the battery compartment and a lever for battery ejection which aids withdrawal of the battery onto a replacement frame or trolley. In any case, access to the battery is very simple: All you have to do is remove the engine cover.
New Linde Diesel, LPG and CNG forklift trucks
in the 1.4 to 2.0-tonne load range
With the launch of its new diesel, LPG and CNG forklift trucks Linde H14 to H20 EVO, industrial truck manufacturer Linde Material Handling has taken its smallest series in the 1.4 to 2.0-tonne load capacity range to the next level. Recognizable by the black design element, which extends into the red-painted chassis, the small EVO now also features significant functional improvements, including the Linde Curve Assist for appropriate driving speed during cornering, a more comfortable seat and armrest generation and a choice between three different driving modes that enable adjusting the energy consumption and power requirement to match the operating conditions.
Noticeably enhanced comfort
At the same time, drivers of the new small IC series can look forward to the latest generation of seats, which gives them the advantage of simple weight adjustment, optimized seat pressure distribution, improved vibration behaviour and a choice of mechanical suspension or air suspension. The optional “Super Active Comfort” seat with climate control is available for particularly exacting requirements. Furthermore, the redesigned armrest with Linde Load Control also adds to their comfort. Drivers can easily adjust the length and height of the armrest to their body size using the single-point adjustment mechanism. The armrest also features an integrated storage compartment for wallets, keys or mobile phones.
Economical and durable
Even though the price of diesel is currently lower than it has been for a long time, fuel efficiency continues to be a topical issue. In addition to components such as an economical 26 kW engine and the unique Linde hydrostatic direct drive, the Linde H14 to H20 EVO models now also feature an electric fan which individually adjusts the temperature of the hydraulic oil, cooling water and charge air, thereby ensuring an energy efficient cooling system. Moreover, three different performance modes allow the driver to select the most favourable ratio between fuel consumption and power requirement: the Efficiency standard mode, the more energy-saving Economy mode and the Performance mode for maximum handling capacity. Reliability in use is one of the most important requirements for all operators of industrial trucks. For this reason, the electronic Linde Engine Protection System is installed in the new Linde H14 to H20 as standard. It monitors the most important vehicle parameters, shows error messages on the display in case of impairment and, if necessary, reduces the power output to protect the engine from further damage. The monitored parameters include the engine oil level and oil pressure, the level and temperature of the cooling water and the temperature of the hydraulic oil, for example.
New regulation: Dynamic stability test
So far, the stability of counterbalance trucks was tested statically according to ISO 22915. This was done with a stationary vehicle on a tilting platform. However, in practical operation there are still accidents with industrial trucks tipping over to the side due to incorrect use. This gave rise to the call for a dynamic stability test. As a consequence, a Technical Committee within the CEN (European Committee for Standardization) devised a dynamic stability test (EN 16203: 2014) based on which the lateral stability of counterbalance trucks with a load capacity of up to 5 tonnes must be additionally verified by the manufacturers. In the so-called L-test, an unloaded vehicle with lowered forks drives on a pre-cisely defined route with initially 90 percent of its maximum speed. After entering the manoeuvring area, the driver must steer the vehicle quickly and steadily around a 90-degree curve. During this manoeuver, the boundary of the course, which is defined in accordance with the vehicle dimensions, must not be crossed. Linde trucks passed all these test runs also without Curve Assist thanks to their design with high-mounted steering axle and low centre of gravity.
Linde Material Handling and Balyo sign an exclusive cooperation
agreement to jointly develop innovative robotic solutions
Linde Material Handling (MH) and robotics specialist Balyo have agreed to enter into a strategic partnership. With this cooperation, Linde MH seeks to intensify its activities in the field of robotic industrial trucks, while Balyo aims to achieve a significant market penetration for its innovative technological solutions. The two companies are planning to collaborate in development, manufacture and sales under the umbrella of “Linde robotics”, which is expected to extend Linde MH’s solution expertise in this field. The demand for automated industrial trucks is growing steadily. In particular, operators of warehouse trucks want to standardise their in-house material flow by deploying semi or fully automatic solutions, which will enable them to use their equipment flexibly regardless of worktime specifications, as well as to prevent incorrect operation and accident risks, and reduce personnel costs too. “Our aim is to extend our range of automation solutions to offer our customers solutions having different levels of complexity. With Balyo we were able to persuade the technology leader in robotics for materials handling equipment to cooperate exclusively with us so that we can now combine the best of both worlds,” said Christophe Lautray, Chief Sales Officer at Linde MH, who is convinced that the envisaged close cooperation will be successful.
“Our plan is to integrate Balyo’s innovative technology into most of our products step by step, whilst utilising synergies in production and sales at the same time. At the LogiMAT trade show, we will be presenting the first jointly developed products, with more to follow soon.” “Linde MH is the European market leader in industrial trucks and comprises great product knowledge and a very densely knit consulting and service network. For us, they are the ideal partner to create the most advanced robots to serve best our common customers,” says Fabien Bardinet, CEO of Balyo, explaining the decision to start this joint development with the industrial truck manufacturer. “At Balyo, we produce a unique driving system for materials handling, together with Linde MH we will offer disruptive solutions to help our customers to optimize their in-house material flows and achieve major cost savings.” Based on standard Linde trucks, robots driven by Balyo technology do not require any navigation infrastructure such as laser reflectors, tracks or magnets. Rather, they use an embedded autonomous laser-assisted technology, which relies on structural features such as walls, racks or columns. This exclusive technology allows a fast and easy installation process. First, the warehouse is charted and the data is converted into a two-dimensional map. Next the order of the routes through the warehouse and the missions assigned to the robots are defined. Equipped with laser, processor unit and digitised map, the vehicle locates itself in real time. Changes in the warehouse, missions or routes can be implemented at any time very simply. A comprehensive software suite ensures a full integration in the warehouse environment, including connection of the robots to WMS and ERP and a simple control of the robots for the warehouse operators via an intuitive user interface.
The new robot family comes with a very advanced security solution allowing an easy cooperation with the operators and an automatic restart of the truck after a previously detected obstacle has been removed and the route is clear again. Contrary to other solutions, the robots analyse in 3D its environment and can restart autonomously.
New driver's seat tractors and platform trucks from Linde Material Handling
Greater towing power, increasing diversity
Linde Material Handling (MH) is launching a new product family of tractors and platform trucks onto the market. In addition to a six-tonne tractor, the forklift manufacturer also offers a device with an eight-tonne towing power in order to open up more market segments. Another extension to the product range is the Linde W08 load transporter with a capacity of 800 kilograms and a towing power of 7 tonnes. With state-of-the-art technology, all of the devices have car-like ergonomics and three different driving modes, an automatic holding and parking brake, sprung and de-coupled wheel attachments, the Linde Curve Assist, lateral battery change and, last but not least, a wide range of options for accurately equipping the devices for any application. Typical areas where Linde P60 to P80 tractors are used include both production halls and external areas of industrial companies and airports. The equipment is also being increasingly used as towing trucks for tugger trains and logistics trains.
Tractors and load transporters are driven by a maintenance-free enclosed 4.5 kW rotary current motor, which accelerates the devices to a maximum speed of up to 20 km/h. Three different performance modes (Performance, Efficiency and Economy) now also allow the operator to choose between maximum handling performance and the most economical energy consumption within this equipment class. Battery capacities of 240 and 375 Ah offer optimum adjustment to the most wide-ranging uses and runtimes. This means that the users can vary output and usage time and optimise their costs.
Comfortable driver's cab
The new product line also offers noticeable improvements in terms of ergonomics. The driver can conveniently access the driver's seat from both sides via the deep access area with large, non-slip steps and rounded edges. Once at the seat, he will find intuitive control elements arranged in the same way as in a car, as well as numerous places for storing documents and personal items to make work easier. In the standard design, the devices are started with key switches, and alternatively there is also the PIN code release version at no extra cost. This minimises the risk of unauthorised use, which could result in injuries and damage. The chassis, which is 150 millimetres longer than in the previous device, but has the same turning radius, has been used by the Linde development engineers to expand the foot well and create more leg room for the driver. The new, interactive display with two different menu interfaces provides the operator with important information such as the current battery status, the number of operating hours worked or the driving speed. It is also home to important switches such as those for creep speed, ECO mode or options such as windscreen wipers and lights.
The newly designed chassis is designed for optimum all-round visibility and maximum stability due to a low inherent centre of gravity, and offers the operator a safe working area, as well as a free view of the rear coupling, which makes connecting attachments easier. Another important safety feature is the automatic parking brake. It is activated when the pedals are released. This means that the driver can leave the device at any time, even on a hill, without having to think twice, because the parking brake will only release when the accelerator is pressed again. The six millimetre thick steel chassis, a CAN bus access for quick error diagnosis and adjustment of the truck parameters, a new, robust drive axle, innovative control technology, extended service intervals or replaceable seat pads make the new series durable and easy to service. A further innovation is the lateral battery change, which means that a crane system is not needed. The battery change is carried out quickly and easily via a lateral door on the truck using roller conveyors or a pallet lift truck. If necessary, the battery can also be changed using a crane system as before. A wide range of optional equipment ensures custom-fit devices. These range from different seats, couplings, two lateral creep speed buttons for reduced speed and pedestrian operation, to sun protection, front, roof and rear windows, side doors and full cabs, through to truck lighting and various platform options.
Heavy truck roadshow through Eastern Europe
A roadshow travelling through Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and the Czech Republic from 8 to 23 October 2013 is an opportunity for Linde Material Handling (MH) to present the Linde H100 to H180 internal combustion engine trucks with hydrostatic drive and a load-bearing capacity of 10 to 18 tonnes.
The largest hydrostatic systems in the Linde product range meet the current Tier 4 Interim and Stage III B emissions regulations and demonstrate their benefits in the stone and timber industries in particular, where they are often used to maximum load capacity. Another highlight of this roadshow is that most of the product presentations take place at customers' premises, giving visitors the opportunity to see how the trucks are used in a real-life working environment.
"The heavy-duty truck roadshow through Eastern Europe represents the consistent continuation of our strategy to maintain maximum proximity to our customers and to give them the opportunity to see our trucks in action", explains Ralf Dingeldein, Vice President New Trucks at Linde MH. "The Eastern European market offers us lots of opportunities in this regard".
Customers will get to see trucks from the latest Linde H100 to H180 heavy-duty truck series, which consists of ten different model types with load centres of gravity of 600 and 1200 mm. The heavy-duty trucks feature the tried-and-tested integrated operating concept with Linde dual pedal control, electric operating levers for actuating the lifting functions (Linde Load Control) and the specially shaped steering wheel. Additional ease of use is ensured by the roller-mounted suspension of the fork arms, additional chassis-mounted mirrors, sliding windows, an extendable steering column and a 12-V socket in the driver's cab.
The installed Cummins engines feature diesel particulate filters (DPF) as standard to reduce emissions. The modular design of the counterweight enables flexible truck configurations in order to achieve the required residual load capacity rating for attachments. The driver's cab can be hydraulically tilted to the side, allowing easier access to the engine and hydrostatic drive system for servicing. Components requiring more frequent maintenance, such as oil, fuel and air filters, washer fluid containers, batteries, fuses, the cab tilting device and the Canbus plugs, can be accessed via a large service flap.
The truck can also be fitted with an optional rotating cab that has been developed by Linde's system partner Neumaier Industry at the request of Linde. Instead of turning his/her body, the forklift truck driver rotates his/her entire workspace by up to 180 degrees to the left or 65 degrees to the right, so they are always looking in the drive direction.
The new reach trucks from Linde
Comfortable, safe and efficient, right up to the highest rack level
At the start of March, Linde Material Handling is launching its new generation of Linde reach trucks, which encompasses models R14 to R20 for a load range of 1.4 to 2 tons. With their compact, manoeuvrable design, the new trucks enable an even more productive flow of goods into the warehouse, as a whole host of new technical solutions make the trucks more comfortable, more powerful, safer and easier to service. The considerably wider range of models for mast/chassis/battery combinations and the optional features allow customer-specific solutions to be derived from series production.
Stable and safe at great heights
Reach trucks represent the premium class when it comes to warehouse technology. These trucks are primarily used as back-up at lower order picking levels and for high-rack storage. The trucks can now manage a lift height of 13.0 metres, ensuring that additional pallet storage locations can be reached. The technology behind this feature is a new lift mast concept with stronger profiles that reinforce the mast and enable a reduction in mast deflection in combination with a residual load capacity that has been increased by up to 20%.
Comfort of the highest standard
Personnel costs represent the largest expenditure category for every truck operation. What's more, operators greatly influence the handling performance of their equipment. For these reasons, Linde focused on improving truck ergonomics during the development of the new reach trucks. The resulting improvements take the pressure off drivers and help to protect their health.
Drivers can adjust the unit, which includes the steering wheel, display, joysticks and armrest, to suit their body dimensions, using the highly adjustable operating console. Vibrations caused by uneven road surfaces, bumps or poor floor coverings are shielded from the operator by air-sprung seats, which also allow the seat height to be adjusted within a range of 110 millimetres. Depending on the weight of the driver, automatic positioning for optimum spring travel is also available. These features represent an innovation for seat comfort in this truck class throughout the industry.
Fully equipped as standard
Many of the new functions and features of the reach truck are already part of the series equipment. For example, the height-adjustable air-sprung driver's seat with automatic weight adjustment for optimum spring travel is provided alongside the adjustable shock absorption feature for mast extension and retraction, the fixed mast with fork carriage tilt and the lifting height display above the free lift.
The best productivity levels in its class
Compared to its competitors, Linde is at the forefront when it comes to productivity with the new reach trucks, as proven by the results of the TÜV Nord reach trucks performance test. Linde's leading position is hardly surprising considering the new trucks offer lifting speeds with a load of up to 0.55 metres per second (m/s), which is an increase of up to 41% in comparison with the previous series (the new trucks can also lift at up to 0.7 m/s without a load, which is an increase of up to 27%).
The lowering speed without a load has also improved to up to 0.55 m/s, an increase of up to 22% in comparison with the previous series. In order to match energy consumption as precisely as possible to the power output, there are three different driving dynamics settings to choose from: "Performance" for the highest power output, "Efficiency" for the best combination of handling performance and energy efficiency, and "Economy" for simpler applications.
Great variety, manoeuvrable and easy to service
Each storage area has different requirements and therefore demands an appropriate truck design. Thanks to the new reach truck generation, customers have over seventeen basic trucks to choose from, not to mention different chassis lengths and widths, trucks in standard, drive-in or cold store versions, various battery sizes and hundreds of mast varieties.
The truck contours for the reach truck are designed to suit the driver and the seat position, which has been rotated by 90 degrees. With the combination of the Linde double pedal and 180° steering, the reach trucks are able to turn quickly and precisely. This means the turning radius is minimal, as the drive wheel is always at exactly 90° to the direction of travel.
The very best level of reliability is a top priority for truck operations and downtime must be reduced as far as possible. For this reason, Linde has further enhanced service access for the latest reach trucks. With a few simple movements, the driver's seat can be raised and swivelled out. Enclosed, fully sealed motors are provided as standard. Lubricated mast pulleys are easy to retrofit at a later date.
Linde Material Handling presents explosion-protected
model of new electric forklift truck
The new Linde E25 Ex to E35 Ex electric forklift trucks are specially designed for use in potentially explosive areas. The trucks, which boast load capacities of 2.5 to 3.5 tonnes, are the manufacturer's first explosion-protected models to be developed alongside the series vehicles, rather than at a later stage. At the 2013 LogiMAT trade fair in Stuttgart, Linde Material Handling (MH) is set to unveil the ATEX zone 1 certified model — built by the company's subsidiary Proplan Transport- und Lagersysteme GmbH, which is based in Aschaffenburg, close to the Linde Material Handling manufacturing plant.
The highest standards in safety
Industrial trucks for use in "explosion protection zone 1" areas must meet strict safety requirements, as these areas may at times be at risk of explosion. For this reason, the AC motors that power the drive unit and the lifting hydraulics of the electric forklift truck are housed in flameproof enclosures, and the same applies to the truck's electronics. The temperature of the motors, hydraulic valves, fans and electronics is monitored, and the brake valve is encapsulated for protection.
Ergonomic and powerful explosion-protected designs
Although they meet the highest safety standards, the explosion-protected models of the electric forklift truck match their series-produced counterparts in terms of ergonomics and performance. Additional improvements to the decoupling of the drive axle have enhanced driver comfort, and shocks are absorbed by the spring suspension system on the drive axle — the same technology used in motorbikes or full-suspension bicycles.
The new models also benefit from wider, air-sprung seats, with additional padding in order to reduce human vibration levels for the driver. The battery discharge indicator has been developed into a remaining driving time indicator: accurate to the minute, it shows the driver when the battery needs to be changed or recharged. The multifunction display, enclosed in a flameproof housing, provides information on the operating status of the truck and is operated using two inductive push buttons.
Patented heating system
Also new in the explosion-protected model of the Linde electric forklift truck is the patented, enclosed, explosion-protected heating system, which functions using thermal radiation, like a tiled stove. A panel made from a special material stores the heat and then releases it evenly. A special safety system means that all switches used in the trucks are the standard type. The series parts used also help to ensure that the explosion-protected model looks the same as the standard model and is just as ergonomic for the driver.
The trucks feature the first series-produced traction control system for forklift trucks, guaranteeing a high level of safety and reliable ground grip even in poor weather conditions. This system transfers driving force individually to both of the electric motors, which ensures that traction is still generated even if one wheel starts to spin. Long service intervals save on resources while keeping operating costs down. Hydraulic oil, for example, only needs to be changed every 6000 operating hours, and the enclosed AC motors are maintenance-free. To facilitate daily battery checks, the seat with the battery hood can simply be folded back, providing easy access to all important components.
The new Linde EVO: added value as standard
Linde Material Handling is set to introduce new models to the market from its 2 to 5-tonne diesel and LPG counterbalanced trucks series in early 2013 — at the same time as Stage 3b of the European emissions directive (2004/26/EC) for vehicles in the 37 to 56-kW power range comes into force.
The Linde H25 to H50 EVO models with 2.5 to 5-tonne lifting capacity are the cleanest Linde diesel trucks ever thanks to their four-cylinder common-rail diesel engine with 2000-cm3 displacement and par-ticulate filter fitted as standard: On average, they are 69% below the legal emission limits. The 44-kW engine in the Linde H25 to H35D EVO models achieves a maximum torque of 200 Nm at just 1750 RPM. At the same speed, the 55-kW engine in the Linde H40 to H50D EVO models achieves a maximum torque of 240 Nm.
Economical level of energy consumption
All of the latest Linde H20 to H50 EVO diesel and LPG trucks are fitted with a variable displacement axial pump in the lifting hydraulics that pumps oil as required. The pump is intentionally oversized to ensure it achieves maximum lifting speeds even at low drive motor speeds. That means the new trucks reduce emissions and save up to 28% fuel even at a high power output. The trucks are also noticeably quieter. And with less hydraulic oil wasted and lower circulation losses, the Linde H20 to H50 EVO trucks are not only more cost-effective, they are also better for the environment.
Safety for people and machinery
The new models from Linde are the world's first diesel trucks to fea-ture cornering speed adaptation as standard. "Curve Assist" auto-matically reduces the speed of the truck on corners in accordance with the steering angle, thereby providing additional protection for the driver. Electronic engine protection comes as standard and protects the engine from damage by monitoring whether key truck parameters are exceeded or undershot. The parameters monitored include the engine oil level and pressure, the cooling water level and temperature, and the hydraulic oil temperature.
Improved ergonomics for the driver
The new generation of seats makes the driver's workspace even more comfortable. They feature easy-to-use weight adjustment set-tings, optimized pressure distribution in the cushions, improved vibration behaviour and a choice of mechanical suspension or air sus-pension. And if there are particular requirements at a workplace, the "Super Comfort Active" seat offers optional automatic weight adjust-ment and active seat climate control. Another benefit is the redesigned armrest with Linde Load Control. The armrest also features a practical compartment for wallets, keys or mobile phones. There are two further additions that make life easier for the driver: a handle on the A-column for greater safety when getting in and out of the truck, and an optional clipboard with LED lighting.
Flat 4 to 5-tonne electric forklift trucks from Linde
Last year saw Linde Material Handling launch the E20 to E50 Linde electric forklift truck series onto the market, in 19 different standard model designs. The range of versions on offer is now even more impressive thanks to the new E40 to E50 Linde truck models with a lower overall height for four, four and a half and five tonne-load capacities.
The special models in the current Linde series of electric forklift trucks are primarily used in container yards or by companies, which require the trucks to be driven through doors with a particularly low overhead clearance or to be used in hall areas with low ceilings.
The new truck models, popularly referred to as "container versions", have an overall height of just 2220 millimetres, meaning that they are 140 millimetres lower than the standard electric forklift trucks with a lifting capacity of 4 to 5 tonnes.
When it comes to the two Linde E40 and E45 models, a triplex lift mast can be used to reach a lift height of 4225 millimetres, while a triplex lift mast is fitted to Linde E50 models for a lift height of 3925 millimetres and maximum free lift.
ELMAS - official HOPPECKE distributor in Romania
In October 2010, HOPPECKE’s many years of cooperation with ELMAS (Motive Power) in Romania was consolidated through an official distributorship agreement.
The innovative solution for delivering goods to city centers:
the CiTi Truck from Linde Material Handling
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"Easy going" over the last kilometer.
Linde Material Handling is bringing its revolutionary CiTi Truck into market in June 2010 - a truck that makes light work of delivering goods over the last kilometer. With a minimum of exertion, the operator can move loads of up to 500 kilograms over consider-able distances and manoeuvre in the tightest spaces with com-fort and safety.
The futuristic Linde CiTi Truck introduces a new model classification between hand pallet trucks and electric pallet trucks. It offers a superbly innovative solution to the growing numbers of deliveries direct to city centres. Traffic routing, narrow streets and obstructions caused by parking spaces or kerbs hinder the delivery of supplies to businesses, restaurants, workshops and supermarkets. Hand pallet trucks, which make significant physical demands on the operator, are usually employed for the final stages of delivery.
To transfer the goods from the delivery lorry to their destination, the operator must first raise the forks by repeatedly "pumping" the tiller. The Linde CiTi Truck eliminates the manual effort and makes light work of these demanding tasks. The compact Linde CiTi Truck is suitable for both smaller consignments and palletised loads of up to 500 kilograms. The CiTi Truck effortlessly negotiates obstacles such as kerbs or verges of up to 70 mm high. This is due to the unique and innovative wheels, which are designed specifically for this purpose. The large, rubber tyred drive wheel and the two pivot-mounted rear load wheels enables the CiTi Truck to travel over obstacles. In addition, the wheels and rollers minimise noise, a real plus for residents when making early morning deliveries to city centres.
Thanks to the lift motor ramps with gradients of up to 8 percent can also be negotiated with ease. The motor is powered by a 36-volt, max. 15-amp nickel metal hydride battery, which is rated for up to two hours of continuous operation. The truck is controlled by the "easyControl" two-way roll pad, which is integrated into the tiller head. The travel direction, lift/lower buttons and horn, are ergonomically grouped for ease of use. The electromagnetic brake, which is activated as soon as the tiller is released, enhances safety on loading ramps and gradients.
The Linde CiTi Truck is the ideal solution for general deliveries and parcel services.
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Linde MH delivers first trucks with fuel cells
As the first industrial truck manufacturer in Europe, Linde MH has incorporated fuel cell trucks into its product range. The trucks are now offered as standard and with immediate effect, as a "Customised Option". Both fuel-cell trucks delivered to the Linde Gas Division are based on the 3-tonne electric counterbalanced truck, the Linde E30. The electricity generated from the hydrogen supplies the electric motors that drive the truck. Alongside this are so-called supercaps, large condensers, which act as a buffer and cover performance peaks, such as pulling away or lifting, for example. The trucks bear the CE mark and are permitted for use on public roads.
The fuel-cell trucks were developed over the last two years with long-term partner, Hydrogenics, the Canadian fuel cell manufacturer. Filling up the fuel-cell trucks is quick and safe at the Linde hydrogen centre filling pump and is therefore comparable to filling a conventional truck.
The benefit of the fuel-cell drive for Linde Gas is the "zero emissions" that these trucks produce when used. The only waste product from the splitting of hydrogen molecules is pure water. Another benefit of fuel cells, in comparison to other drive concepts, is that there is no longer a requirement for battery replacement or a battery charging process lasting a number of hours. In the same way, the safety risks relating to the use of battery acid are removed.
New generation of order pickers from Linde Material Handling
For many companies, order picking is a vital link in the logistics chain. The new "N20Vi/V08" order pickers, represent new steps towards higher realms. They are targeted at applications requiring picking not only at floor level, but also higher up. With a picking height of up to 2.80 metres, they represent the entry-level of the "man-up " picking segment.
With the Linde N20Vi, only the operator’s platform elevates whereas with the V08 the forks lift as well. This allows a V08 operator to put picked cases directly onto the pallet when picking above ground level. With the N20Vi on the other hand, the operator has to descend to floor level before he can deposit his picked goods on the pallet, although he has a shelf to put the cases on temporarily until he has finished picking at that location.
Thanks to its initial lift and long forks, the N20Vi can handle two pallets with a total weight of up to two tonnes at the same time. Both the N20Vi and the V08 allow the pallet to be raised and lowered to obtain the ideal ergonomic height. This is important not only to provide access to different picking zones, but also to successfully master different picking tasks.
New lift truck productivity test certified by TÜV
New lift truck productivity test certified by TÜV makes productivity an objective criterion for decision-making. Higher productivity, lower costs.
In difficult economic times, each decision to invest is examined even more carefully. By achieving TÜV certification for the lift truck productivity test, Linde Material Handling has succeeded in establishing an independently verifiable performance factor (productivity over time) as a basis for cost analysis, and therefore as an objective decision-making parameter. This provides operators with the chance to take the productivity of a truck into account when calculating staffing, purchasing, financing, service and energy costs, and therefore to ultimately calculate the actual costs.
When it comes to purchasing new industrial trucks, most investment decisions are based on purchasing, energy consumption, service and financing costs taken from type sheets and written quotations. The productivity of a truck over a certain period of time is not taken into account. The time a truck needs to carry out a certain task when transferring goods internally has a very significant effect on the individual costs. For example, if a truck works faster, the driver could be busy doing other jobs in the time "saved". The reduced number of total operating hours increases staff efficiency and also reduces energy and service costs as well as mainte-nance work. Reduced operating hours are ultimately reflected in a higher residual value. Taking productivity into account when calculating expenses in industrial trucks is known at Linde as T.O.P.: "Total Operating Performance".
Due to the significance of truck productivity in the calculation of actual truck costs, Linde Material Handling decided to work in cooperation with a recognised partner to develop and seek certification for an objective forklift truck performance test derived from typical practical ap-plications in industry and trade. That recognised partner was TÜV Nord Mobilität GmbH & Co. KG, and by issuing certificate, it attested that the productivity over time and the energy consumption for forklift trucks can be calculated under realistic operat-ing conditions using the "lift truck productivity test".